D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
Figure 15. UART Timings in Modes 2 and 3
6.6.2. Automatic Address Recognition
The automatic address recognition feature is enabled when the multiprocessor communication feature is enabled
(SM2 bit in SCON register is set).
Implemented in hardware, automatic address recognition enhances the multiprocessor communication feature by
allowing the serial port to examine the address of each incoming command frame. Only when the serial port
recognizes its own address, the receiver sets RI bit in SCON register to generate an interrupt. This ensures that
the CPU is not interrupted by command frames addressed to other devices.
If desired, you may enable the automatic address recognition feature in mode 1. In this configuration, the stop bit
takes the place of the ninth data bit. Bit RI is set only when the received command frame address matches the
device’s address and is terminated by a valid stop bit.
To support automatic address recognition, a device is identified by a given address and a broadcast address.
NOTE: The multiprocessor communication and automatic address recognition features cannot be enabled in mode 0 (i.e. setting SM2 bit in SCON
register in mode 0 has no effect).
6.6.3. Given Address
Each device has an individual address that is specified in SADDR register; the SADEN register is a mask byte
that contains don’t-care bits (defined by zeros) to form the device’s given address. The don’t-care bits provide the
flexibility to address one or more slaves at a time. The following example illustrates how a given address is formed.
To address a device by its individual address, the SADEN mask byte must be 1111 1111b.
The following is an example of how to use given addresses to address different slaves:
Rev. F - 15 February, 2001