When there is a match, an alarm flag is set. The occur-
rence of an alarm can be determined by polling the
AL0 and AL1 bits or by enabling the IRQ output, using
it as hardware flag.
The alarm enable bits are located in the MSB of the
particular register. When all enable bits are set to ‘0’,
there are no alarms.
– The user can set the X1205 to alarm every Wednes-
day at 8:00 AM by setting the EDWn*, the EHRn*
and EMNn* enable bits to ‘1’ and setting the DWAn*,
HRAn* and MNAn* Alarm registers to 8:00AM
– A daily alarm for 9:30PM results when the EHRn*
and EMNn* enable bits are set to ‘1’ and the HRAn*
and MNAn* registers are set to 9:30PM.
*n = 0 for Alarm 0: N = 1 for Alarm 1
REAL TIME CLOCK REGISTERS
Clock/Calendar Registers (SC, MN, HR, DT, MO, YR)
These registers depict BCD representations of the
time. As such, SC (Seconds) and MN (Minutes) range
from 00 to 59, HR (Hour) is 1 to 12 with an AM or PM
indicator (H21 bit) or 0 to 23 (with MIL = 1), DT (Date)
is 1 to 31, MO (Month) is 1 to 12, YR (Year) is 0 to 99.
Date of the Week Register (DW)
This register provides a Day of the Week status and
uses three bits DY2 to DY0 to represent the seven
days of the week. The counter advances in the cycle
0-1-2-3-4-5-6-0-1-2-… The assignment of a numerical
value to a specific day of the week is arbitrary and may
be decided by the system software designer. The
default value is defined as ‘0’.
24 Hour Time
If the MIL bit of the HR register is 1, the RTC uses a
24-hour format. If the MIL bit is 0, the RTC uses a 12-
hour format and H21 bit functions as an AM/PM indi-
cator with a ‘1’ representing PM. The clock defaults to
standard time with H21 = 0.
Leap years add the day February 29 and are defined
as those years that are divisible by 4. Years divisible
by 100 are not leap years, unless they are also divisi-
ble by 400. This means that the year 2000 is a leap
year, the year 2100 is not. The X1205 does not correct
for the leap year in the year 2100.
STATUS REGISTER (SR)
The Status Register is located in the CCR memory
map at address 003Fh. This is a volatile register only
and is used to control the WEL and RWEL write
enable latches, read two power status and two alarm
bits. This register is separate from both the array and
the Clock/Control Registers (CCR).
Table 1. Status Register (SR)
Addr 7 6 5 4 3 2
003Fh BAT AL1 AL0 0 0 RWEL WEL RTCF
Default 0 0 0 0 0 0
BAT: Battery Supply-Volatile
This bit set to “1” indicates that the device is operating
from VBACK, not VCC. It is a read-only bit and is
set/reset by hardware (X1205 internally). Once the
device begins operating from VCC, the device sets this
bit to “0”.
AL1, AL0: Alarm bits-Volatile
These bits announce if either alarm 0 or alarm 1 match
the real time clock. If there is a match, the respective
bit is set to ‘1’. The falling edge of the last data bit in a
SR Read operation resets the flags. Note: Only the AL
bits that are set when an SR read starts will be reset.
An alarm bit that is set by an alarm occurring during an
SR read operation will remain set after the read opera-
tion is complete.
RWEL: Register Write Enable Latch-Volatile
This bit is a volatile latch that powers up in the LOW
(disabled) state. The RWEL bit must be set to “1” prior
to any writes to the Clock/Control Registers. Writes to
RWEL bit do not cause a nonvolatile write cycle, so
the device is ready for the next operation immediately
after the stop condition. A write to the CCR requires
both the RWEL and WEL bits to be set in a specific
sequence. The RWEL bit is reset by the completion of
a nonvolatile write cycle.
WEL: Write Enable Latch-Volatile
The WEL bit controls the access to the CCR and
memory array during a write operation. This bit is a
volatile latch that powers up in the LOW (disabled)
state. While the WEL bit is LOW, writes to the CCR or
any array address will be ignored (no acknowledge will
be issued after the Data Byte). The WEL bit is set by
writing a “1” to the WEL bit and zeroes to the other bits
of the Status Register. Once set, WEL remains set
until either reset to 0 (by writing a “0” to the WEL bit
and zeroes to the other bits of the Status Register) or
until the part powers up again. Writes to WEL bit do
not cause a nonvolatile write cycle, so the device is
ready for the next operation immediately after the stop
September 23, 2005