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6269BCRZ Просмотр технического описания (PDF) - Intersil

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6269BCRZ High-Performance Notebook PWM Controller with Audio-Frequency Clamp Intersil
Intersil Intersil
6269BCRZ Datasheet PDF : 14 Pages
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ISL6269B
MOSFET Selection and Considerations
Typically, a MOSFET cannot tolerate even brief excursions
beyond their maximum drain to source voltage rating. The
MOSFETs used in the power stage of the converter should
have a maximum VDS rating that exceeds the sum of the
upper voltage tolerance of the input power source and the
voltage spike that occurs when the MOSFET switches off.
There are several power MOSFETs readily available that are
optimized for DC/DC converter applications. The preferred
high-side MOSFET emphasizes low switch charge so that
the device spends the least amount of time dissipating
power in the linear region. Unlike the low-side MOSFET
which has the drain-source voltage clamped by its body
diode during turn off, the high-side MOSFET turns off with
VIN - VOUT - VLacross it. The preferred low-side MOSFET
emphasizes low rDS(ON) when fully saturated to minimize
conduction loss.
For the low-side MOSFET, (LS), the power loss can be
assumed to be conductive only and is written as:
PCON_LS ILOAD2 rDS(ON)_LS (1 D)
(EQ. 16)
For the high-side MOSFET, (HS), its conduction loss is
written as:
PCON_HS = ILOAD2 rDS(ON)_HS D
(EQ. 17)
For the high-side MOSFET, its switching loss is written as:
PSW_HS
=
-V----I--N-------I--V----A----L---L---E----Y-------t--O-----N-------f--S----W---
2
+
-V----I--N-------I--P----E----A----K-------t--O----F----F-------f-S----W----
2
(EQ. 18)
Where:
- IVALLEY is the difference of the DC component of the
inductor current minus 1/2 of the inductor ripple current
- IPEAK is the sum of the DC component of the inductor
current plus 1/2 of the inductor ripple current
- tON is the time required to drive the device into
saturation
- tOFF is the time required to drive the device into cut-off
Selecting The Bootstrap Capacitor
The selection of the bootstrap capacitor is written as:
CBOOT
=
---------Q-----g---------
ΔVBOOT
(EQ. 19)
Where:
- Qg is the total gate charge required to turn on the
high-side MOSFET
- ΔVBOOT, is the maximum allowed voltage decay across
the boot capacitor each time the high-side MOSFET is
switched on
As an example, suppose the high-side MOSFET has a total
gate charge Qg, of 25nC at VGS = 5V, and a ΔVBOOT of
200mV. The calculated bootstrap capacitance is 0.125µF; for
a comfortable margin select a capacitor that is double the
calculated capacitance, in this example 0.22µF will suffice.
Use an X7R or X5R ceramic capacitor.
Layout Considerations
As a general rule, power should be on the bottom layer of
the PCB and weak analog or logic signals are on the top
layer of the PCB. The ground-plane layer should be adjacent
to the top layer to provide shielding. The ground plane layer
should have an island located under the IC, the
compensation components, and the FSET components. The
island should be connected to the rest of the ground plane
layer at one point.
VIAS TO
GROUND
PLANE
INDUCTOR
HIGH-SIDE
MOSFETS
GND
VOUT
OUTPUT
CAPACITORS
SCHOTTKY
DIODE
PHASE
NODE
LOW-SIDE
MOSFETS
INPUT
VIN
CAPACITORS
FIGURE 8. TYPICAL POWER COMPONENT PLACEMENT
Signal Ground and Power Ground
The bottom of the ISL6269B QFN package is the signal
ground (GND) terminal for analog and logic signals of the IC.
Connect the GND pad of the ISL6269B to the island of
ground plane under the top layer using several vias, for a
robust thermal and electrical conduction path. Connect the
input capacitors, the output capacitors, and the source of the
lower MOSFETs to the power ground plane.
PGND (Pin 10)
This is the return path for the pull-down of the LG low-side
MOSFET gate driver. Ideally, PGND should be connected to
the source of the low-side MOSFET with a low-resistance,
low-inductance path .
VIN (Pin 1)
The VIN pin should be connected close to the drain of the
high-side MOSFET, using a low resistance and low
inductance path.
VCC (Pin 2)
For best performance, place the decoupling capacitor very
close to the VCC and GND pins.
PVCC (Pin 12)
For best performance, place the decoupling capacitor very
close to the PVCC and PGND pins, preferably on the same
side of the PCB as the ISL6269B IC.
12
FN6280.2
May 30, 2007
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