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ADC0816 Просмотр технического описания (PDF) - National ->Texas Instruments

Номер в каталогеADC0816 National-Semiconductor
National ->Texas Instruments National-Semiconductor
Компоненты Описание8-Bit μP Compatible A/D Converters with 16-Channel Multiplexer
ADC0816 Datasheet PDF : 14 Pages
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Next Last
Functional Description
Multiplexer: The device contains a 16-channel single-ended
analog signal multiplexer. A particular input channel is select-
ed by using the address decoder. Table 1 shows the input
states for the address line and the expansion control line to
select any channel. The address is latched into the decoder
on the low-to-high transition of the address latch enable sig-
nal.
Selected
Analog Channel
IN0
IN1
IN2
IN3
IN4
IN5
IN6
IN7
IN8
IN9
IN10
IN11
IN12
IN13
IN14
IN15
All Channels OFF
TABLE 1.
Address Line
DCBA
LLLL
L L LH
L LHL
L LHH
LHL L
LHLH
L HH L
L HHH
HL L L
HL LH
HLHL
H L HH
HHL L
HH L H
HHH L
HHHH
XXXX
Expansion
Control
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
L
X=don't care
Additional single-ended analog signals can be multiplexed to
the A/D converter by disabling all the multiplexer inputs using
the expansion control. The additional external signals are
connected to the comparator input and the device ground.
Additional signal conditioning (i.e., prescaling, sample and
hold, instrumentation amplification, etc.) may also be added
between the analog input signal and the comparator input.
CONVERTER CHARACTERISTICS
The Converter
The heart of this single chip data acquisition system is its 8-
bit analog-to-digital converter. The converter is designed to
give fast, accurate, and repeatable conversions over a wide
range of temperatures. The converter is partitioned into 3 ma-
jor sections: the 256R ladder network, the successive ap-
proximation register, and the comparator. The converter's
digital outputs are positive true.
The 256R ladder network approach Figure 1 was chosen over
the conventional R/2R ladder because of its inherent mono-
tonicity, which guarantees no missing digital codes. Mono-
tonicity is particularly important in closed loop feedback
control systems. A non-monotonic relationship can cause os-
cillations that will be catastrophic for the system. Additionally,
the 256R network does not cause load variations on the ref-
erence voltage.
The bottom resistor and the top resistor of the ladder network
in Figure 1 are not the same value as the remainder of the
network. The difference in these resistors causes the output
characteristic to be symmetrical with the zero and full-scale
points of the transfer curve. The first output transition occurs
when the analog signal has reached + ½ LSB and succeeding
output transitions occur every 1 LSB later up to full-scale.
FIGURE 1. Resistor Ladder and Switch Tree
527702
5
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