Digitally Programmable Precision
Voltage Divider for PGAs
Positive Supply Voltage
Negative Supply Voltage
Digital Control Inputs. Drive D0 and D1 logic high or logic low to set the divider ratio.
See Logic Control Truth Table.
Low Terminal of Resistor-Divider
High Terminal of Resistor-Divider
Matching Resistor Low Terminal
Matching Resistor High Terminal
The MAX5420/MAX5421 are digitally programmable pre-
cision voltage dividers for programmable-gain amplifiers.
Operationally, these devices consist of digitally selectable
precision resistor-dividers providing noninverting gains of
1, 2, 4, and 8 for PGA applications (see Functional
Diagram and Figure 1).
Ratio = 1 + R _B
The MAX5420/MAX5421 achieve divider ratio accuracy of
0.025% (MAX5420A/MAX5421A), 0.09% (MAX5420B/
MAX5421B) or 0.5% (MAX5420C/MAX5421C).
The end-to-end resistance from H to L is 15kΩ. The
impedance seen at W is designed to be the same 8kΩ
for divider ratios 2, 4, and 8, ensuring excellent imped-
ance matching and constant switching times. In gain of
+1 configuration, H is internally connected to W with a
typical resistance of 500Ω.
Matching Resistor (MAX5421)
The MAX5421 includes a matching resistor to compen-
sate for offset voltage due to input bias current of the
op amp. The resistance from MATCH_H to MATCH_L,
equals the resistance seen at W for gains of 2, 4, and 8.
In the gain of +1, an internal switch connects
MATCH_H and MATCH_L. This internal switch matches
the impedance of the switch between H and W.
Table 1. Logic Control Truth Table
Digital Interface Operation
The MAX5420/MAX5421 feature a simple two-bit paral-
lel programming interface. D1 and D0 program the
divider ratio setting according to the Logic Control
Truth Table (Table 1). The digital interface is CMOS/TTL
The MAX5420/MAX5421 are ideally suited for high-pre-
cision PGA applications. The typical application circuit
of Figure 3 uses the MAX5421 with matching resistor to
compensate for voltage offset due to op amp input bias
currents. Use the MAX5420 with an ultra-low input bias
current op amp such as the MAX4237 (Figure 4).
Power Supplies and Bypassing
The MAX5420/MAX5421 operate from dual ±5V sup-
plies, or a single +5V supply. For dual supplies, bypass
VDD and VSS with 0.1µF ceramic capacitors to GND.
For single supply, connect VSS to GND and bypass
VDD with a 0.1µF ceramic capacitor to GND.