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ADC0831 Просмотр технического описания (PDF) - Texas Instruments

Номер в каталогеADC0831 TI
Texas Instruments TI
Компоненты Описание8-Bit Serial I/O A/D Converters with Multiplexer Options
ADC0831 Datasheet PDF : 41 Pages
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ADC0831-N, ADC0832-N, ADC0834-N, ADC0838-N
Adjusting for an Arbitrary Analog Input Voltage Range
If the analog zero voltage of the A/D is shifted away from ground (for example, to accommodate an analog input
signal which does not go to ground), this new zero reference should be properly adjusted first. A VIN (+) voltage
which equals this desired zero reference plus ½ LSB (where the LSB is calculated for the desired analog span,
using 1 LSB= analog span/256) is applied to selected “+” input and the zero reference voltage at the
corresponding “” input should then be adjusted to just obtain the 00HEX to 01HEX code transition.
The full-scale adjustment should be made [with the proper VIN() voltage applied] by forcing a voltage to the
VIN(+) input which is given by:
VMAX = the high end of the analog input range
VMIN = the low end (the offset zero) of the analog range. (Both are ground referenced.)
The VREF (or VCC) voltage is then adjusted to provide a code change from FEHEX to FFHEX. This completes the
adjustment procedure.
Power Supply
A unique feature of the ADC0838-N and ADC0834-N is the inclusion of a zener diode connected from the V+
terminal to ground which also connects to the VCC terminal (which is the actual converter supply) through a
silicon diode, as shown in Figure 24(1).
Figure 24. An On-Chip Shunt Regulator Diode
This zener is intended for use as a shunt voltage regulator to eliminate the need for any additional regulating
components. This is most desirable if the converter is to be remotely located from the system power source.
Figure 25 and Figure 27 illustrate two useful applications of this on-board zener when an external transistor can
be afforded.
An important use of the interconnecting diode between V+ and VCC is shown in Figure 26 and Figure 28. Here,
this diode is used as a rectifier to allow the VCC supply for the converter to be derived from the clock. The low
current requirements of the A/D and the relatively high clock frequencies used (typically in the range of 10k–400
kHz) allows using the small value filter capacitor shown to keep the ripple on the VCC line to well under ¼ of an
LSB. The shunt zener regulator can also be used in this mode. This requires a clock voltage swing which is in
excess of VZ. A current limit for the zener is needed, either built into the clock generator or a resistor can be used
from the CLK pin to the V+ pin.
(1) Internal zener diodes (6.3 to 8.5V) are connected from V+ to GND and VCC to GND. The zener at V+ can operate as a shunt regulator
and is connected to VCC via a conventional diode. Since the zener voltage equals the A/D's breakdown voltage, the diode insures that
VCC will be below breakdown when the device is powered from V+. Functionality is therefore ensured for V+ operation even though the
resultant voltage at VCC may exceed the specified Absolute Max of 6.5V. It is recommended that a resistor be used to limit the max
current into V+. (See Figure 24 in Functional Description)
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Product Folder Links: ADC0831-N ADC0832-N ADC0834-N ADC0838-N
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