Motorola => Freescale
|Description||Three-terminal adjustible output positive voltage regulator|
|LM317 Datasheet PDF : 10 Pages |
Basic Circuit Operation
The LM317 is a 3–terminal floating regulator. In operation,
the LM317 develops and maintains a nominal 1.25 V
reference (Vref) between its output and adjustment terminals.
This reference voltage is converted to a programming current
(IPROG) by R1 (see Figure 17), and this constant current flows
+ ǒ ) Ǔ ) through R2 to ground.
The regulated output voltage is given by:
Since the current from the adjustment terminal (IAdj)
represents an error term in the equation, the LM317 was
designed to control IAdj to less than 100 µA and keep it
constant. To do this, all quiescent operating current is
returned to the output terminal. This imposes the requirement
for a minimum load current. If the load current is less than this
minimum, the output voltage will rise.
Since the LM317 is a floating regulator, it is only the
voltage differential across the circuit which is important to
performance, and operation at high voltages with respect to
ground is possible.
Figure 17. Basic Circuit Configuration
A 0.1 µF disc or 1.0 µF tantalum input bypass capacitor
(Cin) is recommended to reduce the sensitivity to input line
The adjustment terminal may be bypassed to ground to
improve ripple rejection. This capacitor (CAdj) prevents ripple
from being amplified as the output voltage is increased. A
10 µF capacitor should improve ripple rejection about 15 dB
at 120 Hz in a 10 V application.
Although the LM317 is stable with no output capacitance,
like any feedback circuit, certain values of external
capacitance can cause excessive ringing. An output
capacitance (CO) in the form of a 1.0 µF tantalum or 25 µF
aluminum electrolytic capacitor on the output swamps this
effect and insures stability.
When external capacitors are used with any IC regulator it
is sometimes necessary to add protection diodes to prevent
the capacitors from discharging through low current points
into the regulator.
Figure 18 shows the LM317 with the recommended
protection diodes for output voltages in excess of 25 V or high
capacitance values (CO > 25 µF, CAdj > 10 µF). Diode D1
prevents CO from discharging thru the IC during an input
short circuit. Diode D2 protects against capacitor CAdj
discharging through the IC during an output short circuit. The
combination of diodes D1 and D2 prevents CAdj from
discharging through the IC during an input short circuit.
Figure 18. Voltage Regulator with Protection Diodes
Vref = 1.25 V Typical
The LM317 is capable of providing extremely good load
regulation, but a few precautions are needed to obtain
maximum performance. For best performance, the
programming resistor (R1) should be connected as close to
the regulator as possible to minimize line drops which
effectively appear in series with the reference, thereby
degrading regulation. The ground end of R2 can be returned
near the load ground to provide remote ground sensing and
improve load regulation.
Figure 19. D2PAK Thermal Resistance and Maximum
Power Dissipation versus P.C.B. Copper Length
PD(max) for TA = +50°C
2.0 oz. Copper 2.5
L, LENGTH OF COPPER (mm)
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA
|Direct download click here|
|Share Link :|